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Plant Fungal Pathogens
235,39 € *
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Over the course of evolution, fungi have adapted to occupy specific niches, from symbiotically inhabiting the flora of the intestinal tract of mammals to saprophytic growth on leaf litter resting on the forest floor. In Plant Fungal Pathogens: Methods and Protocols , expert researchers in the field detail many of the methods which are now commonly used to study fungal plant pathogens. These include methods and techniques for model systems such as Arabidopsis thaliana as well as crop plants, aspects of fungal biology, genome annotation, next-generation sequencing, and fungal transformation and molecular tools for disease and/or pathogen quantification that are critical for revealing the role for a fungal gene of interest in disease development. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology(TM) series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.Authoritative and practical, Plant Fungal Pathogens: Methods and Protocols seeks to aid scientists in the further study in current techniques that cover a wide-range of methods to study molecular aspects of pathogenesis.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 27.01.2020
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Small Space Style
24,70 € *
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These days, space is a precious commodity. Small Space Style is an inspiring guide to making the most of even the tiniest home.Sara Emslie embraces the positive aspects of living in a compact home and explores design and style solutions to the practical issues of living with limited space. In the first chapter, Elements of Design, Sara tackles clever design and planning details and discusses how to make the most of any small home. Next, in Elements of Style, she gives thought to decorating solutions and style ideas for a compact interior, considering storage, furniture, and display. Finally, Sara visits a variety of real-life small spaces, taking an in-depth look at imaginative treatments for pocket-sized interiors and showcasing tiny homes with lots of character. These include a terraced railroad worker's cottage, a miniscule Parisian pied-à-terre, a tiny studio apartment with a clever mezzanine that incorporates a bathroom, and a pint-sized coastal hideaway. Each case study has a detailed floor plan plus measurements.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 27.01.2020
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Plant Fungal Pathogens
241,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Over the course of evolution, fungi have adapted to occupy specific niches, from symbiotically inhabiting the flora of the intestinal tract of mammals to saprophytic growth on leaf litter resting on the forest floor. In Plant Fungal Pathogens: Methods and Protocols , expert researchers in the field detail many of the methods which are now commonly used to study fungal plant pathogens. These include methods and techniques for model systems such as Arabidopsis thaliana as well as crop plants, aspects of fungal biology, genome annotation, next-generation sequencing, and fungal transformation and molecular tools for disease and/or pathogen quantification that are critical for revealing the role for a fungal gene of interest in disease development. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology(TM) series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.Authoritative and practical, Plant Fungal Pathogens: Methods and Protocols seeks to aid scientists in the further study in current techniques that cover a wide-range of methods to study molecular aspects of pathogenesis.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 27.01.2020
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Insight Guides Pocket Kos (Travel Guide eBook) ...
3,99 € *
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Insight Guides Pocket Kos Travel made easy. Ask local experts. The definitive pocket-sized travel guide. Compact, concise and packed full of essential information about where to go and what to do, this is the ideal on-the-move travel guide for exploring Kos. From top tourist attractions like the Bros Therma Hot Springs, 'Magic' Beach and the volcanic caldera at Nisyros, to cultural gems including the zoological floor mosaics and other late-Roman treasures at Casa Romana, the frescoed Agiou Ioannou Theologou Monastery, and the Italianate architecture of Kos and the nearby islands of Kalymnos and Leros, plan your perfect trip with this practical, all-in-one travel guide. Features of this travel guide to Kos: - Inspirational itineraries: discover the best destinations, sights and excursions, highlighted with stunning photography - Historical and cultural insights: delve into the island's rich history and culture, and learn all about its people, art and traditions - Practical full-colour maps: with every major attraction highlighted, the maps make on-the-ground navigation easy - Key tips and essential information: from transport to tipping, we've got you covered - Covers: Kos Town; The Northeast Coast; Northwest Coast Resorts; Andimahia; Kardamena and Plaka; South Coast beaches; Kefalos; Mt Dikeos and around and excursions to Nisyros; Kalumnos; Lertos; Patmos and Bodrum in Turkey Looking for a comprehensive guide to the Greek islands? Check out Insight Guides Greek Islands for a detailed and entertaining look at all the country has to offer. About Insight Guides: Insight Guides is a pioneer of full-colour guide books, with almost 50 years' experience of publishing high-quality, visual travel guides with user-friendly, modern design. We produce around 400 full-colour print guide books and maps, as well as phrase books, picture-packed eBooks and apps to meet different travellers' needs. Insight Guides' unique combination of beautiful travel photography and focus on history and culture create a unique visual reference and planning tool to inspire your next adventure.

Anbieter: buecher
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Insight Guides Pocket Kos (Travel Guide eBook) ...
3,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Insight Guides Pocket Kos Travel made easy. Ask local experts. The definitive pocket-sized travel guide. Compact, concise and packed full of essential information about where to go and what to do, this is the ideal on-the-move travel guide for exploring Kos. From top tourist attractions like the Bros Therma Hot Springs, 'Magic' Beach and the volcanic caldera at Nisyros, to cultural gems including the zoological floor mosaics and other late-Roman treasures at Casa Romana, the frescoed Agiou Ioannou Theologou Monastery, and the Italianate architecture of Kos and the nearby islands of Kalymnos and Leros, plan your perfect trip with this practical, all-in-one travel guide. Features of this travel guide to Kos: - Inspirational itineraries: discover the best destinations, sights and excursions, highlighted with stunning photography - Historical and cultural insights: delve into the island's rich history and culture, and learn all about its people, art and traditions - Practical full-colour maps: with every major attraction highlighted, the maps make on-the-ground navigation easy - Key tips and essential information: from transport to tipping, we've got you covered - Covers: Kos Town; The Northeast Coast; Northwest Coast Resorts; Andimahia; Kardamena and Plaka; South Coast beaches; Kefalos; Mt Dikeos and around and excursions to Nisyros; Kalumnos; Lertos; Patmos and Bodrum in Turkey Looking for a comprehensive guide to the Greek islands? Check out Insight Guides Greek Islands for a detailed and entertaining look at all the country has to offer. About Insight Guides: Insight Guides is a pioneer of full-colour guide books, with almost 50 years' experience of publishing high-quality, visual travel guides with user-friendly, modern design. We produce around 400 full-colour print guide books and maps, as well as phrase books, picture-packed eBooks and apps to meet different travellers' needs. Insight Guides' unique combination of beautiful travel photography and focus on history and culture create a unique visual reference and planning tool to inspire your next adventure.

Anbieter: buecher
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
String of Pearls: On the News Beat in New York ...
9,95 € *
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Priscilla Buckley is probably known for her long and admired tenure as managing editor of the conservative political journal National Review, founded in the 1950s by her brother, William F. Buckley, Jr. But in String of Pearls we meet a different Priscilla, young Pitts Buckley, just out of Smith, eager for the next step up from the college paper to "real" journalism. There she is, in her proper wool suit, her cashmere sweater, and in her string of pearls, notebook at the ready, United Press Radio News Department's fledgling employee. The war in Europe was winding to its close. For Buckley, the atmosphere in UP's New York offices was a heady one; the journalists worked furiously but had time to play practical jokes, stage mock battles on the newsroom floor, and treasure the funny stories that haste and tension engender. Young Priscilla fit right in; she made friends, wrote copy for the reporters to read on the air ("Keep the sentences short!"), and joined in the fun and frequent hilarity. It was a demanding, sometimes heartbreaking, and always vibrant period. The author was pleased a few years later to be offered a job at the Paris bureau of United Press. The young writer who has spent some of her girlhood years living in prewar France with her parents and her numerous siblings found a different Paris at war's end: scars of the prolonged occupation were everywhere. It was a poignant time, but for Priscilla and her friends there was laughter and comic misadventures as well, and she shares them, along with varied characters gathered at United Press at the time, with us. Buckley's stay in Paris was cut short by a summons from brother Bill: Would she be interested in working with him on the new magazine he was starting? Thus ended her UP days, and this began a new and glowing journalistic career. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Marguerite Gavin. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/blak/001122/bk_blak_001122_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.

Anbieter: Audible
Stand: 27.01.2020
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Hacker's Delight
40,99 € *
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In Hacker’s Delight, Second Edition, Hank Warren once again compiles an irresistible collection of programming hacks: timesaving techniques, algorithms, and tricks that help programmers build more elegant and efficient software, while also gaining deeper insights into their craft. Warren’s hacks are eminently practical, but they’re also intrinsically interesting, and sometimes unexpected, much like the solution to a great puzzle. They are, in a word, a delight to any programmer who is excited by the opportunity to improve. Extensive additions in this edition include A new chapter on cyclic redundancy checking (CRC), including routines for the commonly used CRC-32 code A new chapter on error correcting codes (ECC), including routines for the Hamming code More coverage of integer division by constants, including methods using only shifts and adds Computing remainders without computing a quotient More coverage of population count and counting leading zeros Array population count New algorithms for compress and expand An LRU algorithm Floating-point to/from integer conversions Approximate floating-point reciprocal square root routine A gallery of graphs of discrete functions Now with exercises and answers Product Description In Hacker’s Delight, Second Edition, Hank Warren once again compiles an irresistible collection of programming hacks: timesaving techniques, algorithms, and tricks that help programmers build more elegant and efficient software, while also gaining deeper insights into their craft. Warren’s hacks are eminently practical, but they’re also intrinsically interesting, and sometimes unexpected, much like the solution to a great puzzle. They are, in a word, a delight to any programmer who is excited by the opportunity to improve. Extensive additions in this edition include A new chapter on cyclic redundancy checking (CRC), including routines for the commonly used CRC-32 code A new chapter on error correcting codes (ECC), including routines for the Hamming code More coverage of integer division by constants, including methods using only shifts and adds Computing remainders without computing a quotient More coverage of population count and counting leading zeros Array population count New algorithms for compress and expand An LRU algorithm Floating-point to/from integer conversions Approximate floating-point reciprocal square root routine A gallery of graphs of discrete functions Now with exercises and answers Foreword xiii Preface xv Chapter 1: Introduction 1 1.1 Notation 1 1.2 Instruction Set and Execution Time Model 5 Chapter 2: Basics 11 2.1 Manipulating Rightmost Bits 11 2.2 Addition Combined with Logical Operations 16 2.3 Inequalities among Logical and Arithmetic Expressions 17 2.4 Absolute Value Function 18 2.5 Average of Two Integers 19 2.6 Sign Extension 19 2.7 Shift Right Signed from Unsigned 20 2.8 Sign Function 20 2.9 Three-Valued Compare Function 21 2.10 Transfer of Sign Function 22 2.11 Decoding a “Zero Means 2**n” Field 22 2.12 Comparison Predicates 23 2.13 Overflow Detection 28 2.14 Condition Code Result of Add, Subtract, and Multiply 36 2.15 Rotate Shifts 37 2.16 Double-Length Add/Subtract 38 2.17 Double-Length Shifts 39 2.18 Multibyte Add, Subtract, Absolute Value 40 2.19 Doz, Max, Min 41 2.20 Exchanging Registers 45 2.21 Alternating among Two or More Values 48 2.22 A Boolean Decomposition Formula 51 2.23 Implementing Instructions for all 16 Binary Boolean Operations 53 Chapter 3: Power-of-2 Boundaries 59 3.1 Rounding Up/Down to a Multiple of a Known Power of 2 59 3.2 Rounding Up/Down to the Next Power of 2 60 3.3 Detecting a Power-of-2 Boundary Crossing 63 Chapter 4: Arithmetic Bounds 67 4.1 Checking Bounds of Integers 67 4.2 Propagating Bounds through Add’s and Subtract’s 70 4.3 Propagating Bounds through Logical Operations 73 Chapter 5: Counting Bits 81 5.1 Counting 1-Bits 81 5.2 Parity 96 5.3 Counting Leading 0’s 99 5.4 Counting Trailing 0’s 107 Chapter 6: Searching Words 117 6.1 Find First 0-Byte 117 6.2 Find First String of 1-Bits of a Given Length 123 6.3 Find Longest String of 1-Bits 125 6.4 Find Shortest String of 1-Bits 126 Chapter 7: Rearranging Bits And Bytes 129 7.1 Reversing Bits and Bytes 129 7.2 Shuffling Bits 139 7.3 Transposing a Bit Matrix 141 7.4 Compress, or Generalized Extract 150 7.5 Expand, or Generalized Insert 156 7.6 Hardware Algorithms for Compress and Expand 157 7.7 General Permutations, Sheep and Goats Operation 161 7.8 Rearrangements and Index Transformations 165 7.9 An LRU Algorithm 166 Chapter 8: Multiplication 171 8.1 Multiword Multiplication 171 8.2 High-Order Half of 64-Bit Product 173 8.3 High-Order Product Signed from/to Unsigned 174 8.4 Multiplication by Constants 175 Chapter 9: Integer Division 181 9.1 Preliminaries 181 9.2 Multiword Division 184 9.3 Unsigned Short Division from Signed Division 189 9.4 Unsigned Long Division 192 9.5 Doubleword Division from Long Division 197 Chapter 10: Integer Division By Constants 205 10.1 Signed Division by a Known Power of 2 205 10.2 Signed Remainder from Division by a Known Power of 2 206 10.3 Signed Division and Remainder by Non-Powers of 2 207 10.4 Signed Division by Divisors ≥ 2 210 10.5 Signed Division by Divisors ≤ —2 218 10.6 Incorporation into a Compiler 220 10.7 Miscellaneous Topics 223 10.8 Unsigned Division 227 10.9 Unsigned Division by Divisors ≥ 1 230 10.10 Incorporation into a Compiler (Unsigned) 232 10.11 Miscellaneous Topics (Unsigned) 234 10.12 Applicability to Modulus and Floor Division 237 10.13 Similar Methods 237 10.14 Sample Magic Numbers 238 10.15 Simple Code in Python 240 10.16 Exact Division by Constants 240 10.17 Test for Zero Remainder after Division by a Constant 248 10.18 Methods Not Using Multiply High 251 10.19 Remainder by Summing Digits 262 10.20 Remainder by Multiplication and Shifting Right 268 10.21 Converting to Exact Division 274 10.22 A Timing Test 276 10.23 A Circuit for Dividing by 3 276 Chapter 11: Some Elementary Functions 279 11.1 Integer Square Root 279 11.2 Integer Cube Root 287 11.3 Integer Exponentiation 288 11.4 Integer Logarithm 291 Chapter 12: Unusual Bases For Number Systems 299 12.1 Base —2 299 12.2 Base —1 + i 306 12.3 Other Bases 308 12.4 What Is the Most Efficient Base? 309 Chapter 13: Gray Code 311 13.1 Gray Code 311 13.2 Incrementing a Gray-Coded Integer 313 13.3 Negabinary Gray Code 315 13.4 Brief History and Applications 315 Chapter 14: Cyclic Redundancy Check 319 14.1 Introduction 319 14.2 Theory 320 14.3 Practice 323 Chapter 15: Error-Correcting Codes 331 15.1 Introduction 331 15.2 The Hamming Code 332 15.3 Software for SEC-DED on 32 Information Bits 337 15.4 Error Correction Considered More Generally 342 Chapter 16: Hilbert's Curve 355 16.1 A Recursive Algorithm for Generating the Hilbert Curve 356 16.2 Coordinates from Distance along the Hilbert Curve 358 16.3 Distance from Coordinates on the Hilbert Curve 366 16.4 Incrementing the Coordinates on the Hilbert Curve 368 16.5 Non-Recursive Generating Algorithms 371 16.6 Other Space-Filling Curves 371 16.7 Applications 372 Chapter 17: Floating-Point 375 17.1 IEEE Format 375 17.2 Floating-Point To/From Integer Conversions 377 17.3 Comparing Floating-Point Numbers Using Integer Operations 381 17.4 An Approximate Reciprocal Square Root Routine 383 17.5 The Distribution of Leading Digits 385 17.6 Table of Miscellaneous Values 387 Chapter 18: Formulas For Primes 391 18.1 Introduction 391 18.2 Willans’s Formulas 393 18.3 Wormell’s Formula 397 18.4 Formulas for Other Difficult Functions 398 Answers To Exercises: 405 Appendix A: Arithmetic Tables For A 4-Bit Machine 453 Appendix B: Newton's Method 457 Appendix C: A Gallery Of Graphs Of Discrete Functions 459 C.1 Plots of Logical Operations on Integers 459 C.2 Plots of Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication 461 C.3 Plots of Functions Involving Division 463 C.4 Plots of the Compress, SAG, and Rotate Left Functions 464 C.5 2D Plots of Some Unary Functions 466 Bibliography 471 Index 481In Hacker's Delight, Second Edition , Hank Warren once again compiles an irresistible collection of programming hacks: timesaving techniques, algorithms, and tricks that help programmers build more elegant and efficient software, while also gaining deeper insights into their craft. Warren's hacks are eminently practical, but they're also intrinsically interesting, and sometimes unexpected, much like the solution to a great puzzle. They are, in a word, a delight to any programmer who is excited by the opportunity to improve. Extensive additions in this edition include A new chapter on cyclic redundancy checking (CRC), including routines for the commonly used CRC-32 code A new chapter on error correcting codes (ECC), including routines for the Hamming code More coverage of integer division by constants, including methods using only shifts and adds Computing remainders without computing a quotient More coverage of population count and counting leading zeros Array population count New algorithms for compress and expand An LRU algorithm Floating-point to/from integer conversions Approximate floating-point reciprocal square root routine A gallery of graphs of discrete functions Now with exercises and answers

Anbieter: buecher
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Hacker's Delight
40,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

In Hacker’s Delight, Second Edition, Hank Warren once again compiles an irresistible collection of programming hacks: timesaving techniques, algorithms, and tricks that help programmers build more elegant and efficient software, while also gaining deeper insights into their craft. Warren’s hacks are eminently practical, but they’re also intrinsically interesting, and sometimes unexpected, much like the solution to a great puzzle. They are, in a word, a delight to any programmer who is excited by the opportunity to improve. Extensive additions in this edition include A new chapter on cyclic redundancy checking (CRC), including routines for the commonly used CRC-32 code A new chapter on error correcting codes (ECC), including routines for the Hamming code More coverage of integer division by constants, including methods using only shifts and adds Computing remainders without computing a quotient More coverage of population count and counting leading zeros Array population count New algorithms for compress and expand An LRU algorithm Floating-point to/from integer conversions Approximate floating-point reciprocal square root routine A gallery of graphs of discrete functions Now with exercises and answers Product Description In Hacker’s Delight, Second Edition, Hank Warren once again compiles an irresistible collection of programming hacks: timesaving techniques, algorithms, and tricks that help programmers build more elegant and efficient software, while also gaining deeper insights into their craft. Warren’s hacks are eminently practical, but they’re also intrinsically interesting, and sometimes unexpected, much like the solution to a great puzzle. They are, in a word, a delight to any programmer who is excited by the opportunity to improve. Extensive additions in this edition include A new chapter on cyclic redundancy checking (CRC), including routines for the commonly used CRC-32 code A new chapter on error correcting codes (ECC), including routines for the Hamming code More coverage of integer division by constants, including methods using only shifts and adds Computing remainders without computing a quotient More coverage of population count and counting leading zeros Array population count New algorithms for compress and expand An LRU algorithm Floating-point to/from integer conversions Approximate floating-point reciprocal square root routine A gallery of graphs of discrete functions Now with exercises and answers Foreword xiii Preface xv Chapter 1: Introduction 1 1.1 Notation 1 1.2 Instruction Set and Execution Time Model 5 Chapter 2: Basics 11 2.1 Manipulating Rightmost Bits 11 2.2 Addition Combined with Logical Operations 16 2.3 Inequalities among Logical and Arithmetic Expressions 17 2.4 Absolute Value Function 18 2.5 Average of Two Integers 19 2.6 Sign Extension 19 2.7 Shift Right Signed from Unsigned 20 2.8 Sign Function 20 2.9 Three-Valued Compare Function 21 2.10 Transfer of Sign Function 22 2.11 Decoding a “Zero Means 2**n” Field 22 2.12 Comparison Predicates 23 2.13 Overflow Detection 28 2.14 Condition Code Result of Add, Subtract, and Multiply 36 2.15 Rotate Shifts 37 2.16 Double-Length Add/Subtract 38 2.17 Double-Length Shifts 39 2.18 Multibyte Add, Subtract, Absolute Value 40 2.19 Doz, Max, Min 41 2.20 Exchanging Registers 45 2.21 Alternating among Two or More Values 48 2.22 A Boolean Decomposition Formula 51 2.23 Implementing Instructions for all 16 Binary Boolean Operations 53 Chapter 3: Power-of-2 Boundaries 59 3.1 Rounding Up/Down to a Multiple of a Known Power of 2 59 3.2 Rounding Up/Down to the Next Power of 2 60 3.3 Detecting a Power-of-2 Boundary Crossing 63 Chapter 4: Arithmetic Bounds 67 4.1 Checking Bounds of Integers 67 4.2 Propagating Bounds through Add’s and Subtract’s 70 4.3 Propagating Bounds through Logical Operations 73 Chapter 5: Counting Bits 81 5.1 Counting 1-Bits 81 5.2 Parity 96 5.3 Counting Leading 0’s 99 5.4 Counting Trailing 0’s 107 Chapter 6: Searching Words 117 6.1 Find First 0-Byte 117 6.2 Find First String of 1-Bits of a Given Length 123 6.3 Find Longest String of 1-Bits 125 6.4 Find Shortest String of 1-Bits 126 Chapter 7: Rearranging Bits And Bytes 129 7.1 Reversing Bits and Bytes 129 7.2 Shuffling Bits 139 7.3 Transposing a Bit Matrix 141 7.4 Compress, or Generalized Extract 150 7.5 Expand, or Generalized Insert 156 7.6 Hardware Algorithms for Compress and Expand 157 7.7 General Permutations, Sheep and Goats Operation 161 7.8 Rearrangements and Index Transformations 165 7.9 An LRU Algorithm 166 Chapter 8: Multiplication 171 8.1 Multiword Multiplication 171 8.2 High-Order Half of 64-Bit Product 173 8.3 High-Order Product Signed from/to Unsigned 174 8.4 Multiplication by Constants 175 Chapter 9: Integer Division 181 9.1 Preliminaries 181 9.2 Multiword Division 184 9.3 Unsigned Short Division from Signed Division 189 9.4 Unsigned Long Division 192 9.5 Doubleword Division from Long Division 197 Chapter 10: Integer Division By Constants 205 10.1 Signed Division by a Known Power of 2 205 10.2 Signed Remainder from Division by a Known Power of 2 206 10.3 Signed Division and Remainder by Non-Powers of 2 207 10.4 Signed Division by Divisors ≥ 2 210 10.5 Signed Division by Divisors ≤ —2 218 10.6 Incorporation into a Compiler 220 10.7 Miscellaneous Topics 223 10.8 Unsigned Division 227 10.9 Unsigned Division by Divisors ≥ 1 230 10.10 Incorporation into a Compiler (Unsigned) 232 10.11 Miscellaneous Topics (Unsigned) 234 10.12 Applicability to Modulus and Floor Division 237 10.13 Similar Methods 237 10.14 Sample Magic Numbers 238 10.15 Simple Code in Python 240 10.16 Exact Division by Constants 240 10.17 Test for Zero Remainder after Division by a Constant 248 10.18 Methods Not Using Multiply High 251 10.19 Remainder by Summing Digits 262 10.20 Remainder by Multiplication and Shifting Right 268 10.21 Converting to Exact Division 274 10.22 A Timing Test 276 10.23 A Circuit for Dividing by 3 276 Chapter 11: Some Elementary Functions 279 11.1 Integer Square Root 279 11.2 Integer Cube Root 287 11.3 Integer Exponentiation 288 11.4 Integer Logarithm 291 Chapter 12: Unusual Bases For Number Systems 299 12.1 Base —2 299 12.2 Base —1 + i 306 12.3 Other Bases 308 12.4 What Is the Most Efficient Base? 309 Chapter 13: Gray Code 311 13.1 Gray Code 311 13.2 Incrementing a Gray-Coded Integer 313 13.3 Negabinary Gray Code 315 13.4 Brief History and Applications 315 Chapter 14: Cyclic Redundancy Check 319 14.1 Introduction 319 14.2 Theory 320 14.3 Practice 323 Chapter 15: Error-Correcting Codes 331 15.1 Introduction 331 15.2 The Hamming Code 332 15.3 Software for SEC-DED on 32 Information Bits 337 15.4 Error Correction Considered More Generally 342 Chapter 16: Hilbert's Curve 355 16.1 A Recursive Algorithm for Generating the Hilbert Curve 356 16.2 Coordinates from Distance along the Hilbert Curve 358 16.3 Distance from Coordinates on the Hilbert Curve 366 16.4 Incrementing the Coordinates on the Hilbert Curve 368 16.5 Non-Recursive Generating Algorithms 371 16.6 Other Space-Filling Curves 371 16.7 Applications 372 Chapter 17: Floating-Point 375 17.1 IEEE Format 375 17.2 Floating-Point To/From Integer Conversions 377 17.3 Comparing Floating-Point Numbers Using Integer Operations 381 17.4 An Approximate Reciprocal Square Root Routine 383 17.5 The Distribution of Leading Digits 385 17.6 Table of Miscellaneous Values 387 Chapter 18: Formulas For Primes 391 18.1 Introduction 391 18.2 Willans’s Formulas 393 18.3 Wormell’s Formula 397 18.4 Formulas for Other Difficult Functions 398 Answers To Exercises: 405 Appendix A: Arithmetic Tables For A 4-Bit Machine 453 Appendix B: Newton's Method 457 Appendix C: A Gallery Of Graphs Of Discrete Functions 459 C.1 Plots of Logical Operations on Integers 459 C.2 Plots of Addition, Subtraction, and Multiplication 461 C.3 Plots of Functions Involving Division 463 C.4 Plots of the Compress, SAG, and Rotate Left Functions 464 C.5 2D Plots of Some Unary Functions 466 Bibliography 471 Index 481In Hacker's Delight, Second Edition , Hank Warren once again compiles an irresistible collection of programming hacks: timesaving techniques, algorithms, and tricks that help programmers build more elegant and efficient software, while also gaining deeper insights into their craft. Warren's hacks are eminently practical, but they're also intrinsically interesting, and sometimes unexpected, much like the solution to a great puzzle. They are, in a word, a delight to any programmer who is excited by the opportunity to improve. Extensive additions in this edition include A new chapter on cyclic redundancy checking (CRC), including routines for the commonly used CRC-32 code A new chapter on error correcting codes (ECC), including routines for the Hamming code More coverage of integer division by constants, including methods using only shifts and adds Computing remainders without computing a quotient More coverage of population count and counting leading zeros Array population count New algorithms for compress and expand An LRU algorithm Floating-point to/from integer conversions Approximate floating-point reciprocal square root routine A gallery of graphs of discrete functions Now with exercises and answers

Anbieter: buecher
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot
Plant Fungal Pathogens
189,00 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Over the course of evolution, fungi have adapted to occupy specific niches, from symbiotically inhabiting the flora of the intestinal tract of mammals to saprophytic growth on leaf litter resting on the forest floor.  In Plant Fungal Pathogens: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers in the field detail many of the methods which are now commonly used to study fungal plant pathogens. These include methods and techniques for model systems such as Arabidopsis thaliana as well as crop plants, aspects of fungal biology, genome annotation, next-generation sequencing, and fungal transformation and molecular tools for disease and/or pathogen quantification that are critical for revealing the role for a fungal gene of interest in disease development. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology™ series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.   Authoritative and practical, Plant Fungal Pathogens: Methods and Protocols seeks to aid scientists in the further study in current techniques that cover a wide-range of methods to study molecular aspects of pathogenesis.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.01.2020
Zum Angebot